Puzzling Facts Explored-With 14 Year Highest Production Levels, Why Relatively Few Manufactured Homes Sold? Urban Institute Manufactured Housing Redux – March 2022 Data

During a well-documented affordable housing crisis, manufactured housing has finally risen beyond the 100,000 new homes produced threshold in 2021. The last time the manufactured home industry collectively produced over 100,000 homes was in 2006, when 117,373 new HUD Code manufactured homes were produced. A look at the most recent state and national level manufactured home production and shipment data will produce fresh information.  When that new state and national information from official sources are coupled with insights from the Urban Institute and previous research reported here on Mobile and Manufactured Home Living News (MHLivingNews), this fact-packed and viewpoints (expert opinions) article and analysis will shed light on issues raised by the Urban Institute and others.

First, will be a look at the latest federal data. That will be followed by additional related and linked information, analysis, and expert commentary.


FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE                                                    Contact: MHARR

                                                                                                      (202) 783-4087

Manufactured Housing Production Growth Continues in March 2022

Washington, D.C., May 3, 2022 – The Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR) reports that according to official statistics compiled on behalf of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), HUD Code manufactured housing industry year-over-year production increased in March 2022. Just-released statistics indicate that HUD Code manufacturers produced 11,279 homes in March 2022, a 12.7% increase over the 10,008 new HUD Code homes produced during March 2021. Cumulative production for 2022 now totals 29,670 homes, a 12% increase over the 26,479 homes produced during the same period in 2021.

A further analysis of the official industry statistics shows that the top ten shipment states from the beginning of the industry production rebound in August 2011 through March 2022 — with cumulative, monthly, current year (2022) and prior year (2021) shipments per category as indicated — are:

Rank-State Cumulative Current Month (Mar. 2022) 2022 2021
1.  Texas 142,828 homes 2,121 5,368 4,557
2.  Florida 52,998 homes 794 2,237 1,808
3. Louisiana  47,853 homes 532
4.  North Carolina 37,541 homes 663  1,694 1,569
5.  Alabama 36,052 homes 528 1,465 1,328
6.  Mississippi 30,070 homes   457 1,163 1,067
7.  Michigan  29,023 homes 276 1,019 919
8.  California 28,624 homes 362  955 784
9.  Kentucky 27,016 homes 401  1,067  1,015
10. Tennessee 23,756 homes  366                                                984                       844


The March 2022 data results in no changes to the cumulative top-ten shipment list.

In Washington, D.C., MHARR President and CEO, Mark Weiss, stated: ”While the March 2022 industry production statistics are positive, they nonetheless highlight an important point that MHARR has – and will continue to – aggressively advance. Namely, if production increases such as this are possible given all of the headwinds that the industry faces and has faced for some time, such as exclusionary zoning and the absence of federal securitization and secondary market support for the vast bulk of the industry’s consumer loans, how much more growth and expansion would occur if enhanced federal preemption and the Duty to Serve law were fully and properly implemented? The results would be a tremendous benefit to the industry, consumers and governments at all levels seeking solutions to the affordable housing crisis.”

             The Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform is a Washington, D.C.-based national trade association representing the views and interests of independent producers of federally-regulated manufactured housing.

— 30 –

Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform (MHARR)
1331 Pennsylvania Ave N.W., Suite 512
Washington D.C. 20004
Phone: 202/783-4087
Fax: 202/783-4075
Website: manufacturedhousingassociation.org


NOTICE: this graphic above and some others below can be opened to a larger size in many browsers and devices. Typically, you click on the image and follow the prompts. You may need to use the ‘back’ or escape key to return to this page.


That the quality and value of manufactured homes are widely misunderstood has been well documented for decades. They are illustrated by these third-party references, which are buttressed by years of research in the collection that follows.



Lisa’s doctoral dissertation, from which the quote above is found, is part of the collection of third-party research downloadable from this link  https://www.manufacturedhomelivingnews.com/research-data-stats-media-investigator-resources-mobile-homes-manufactured-homes-manufactured-housing-research-hud-univ-studies-cfpb-nonprofits-gao-nfpa-exec-summary-definiti/


Research-Data-Stats – Media & Investigator Resources – Mobile Homes, Manufactured Homes, Manufactured Housing Research – HUD, Univ-Studies, CFPB, Nonprofits, GAO, NFPA – Exec Summary, Definitions, Facts, Trends, More


For whatever reasons, the Manufactured Housing Institute (MHI) has failed to publicly provide this type of information that has long been released on a monthly basis. By way of comparison to MHI, the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), the National Association of Realtors (NAR), and the Recreational Vehicle Industry Association (RVIA) each publicly release and promote via news releases to the mainstream media their data monthly. Fortunately, the Manufactured Housing Association for Regulatory Reform has for years provided as well as publicly archived such data monthly. That information can be accessed by media, researchers and others at the link below.


Often near the top reason for buying a modern manufactured home is affordability. But for informed affordable housing seekers, federally assured consumer protection law that applies to manufactured homes should be another good reason. Additionally, once common myths have been debunked by third-party research, as will be linked further below.

The U.S. Census Bureau’s most recent home selling price nationally and by region research are found below. This will give prospective housing shoppers an insight into the type of cost is involved in the manufactured home itself. Obviously, lot/land and site/utility costs should be added to these figures.


        Average Sales Price of New Manufactured Homes by Region and Size of Home
By Month of Shipment
United States
Total1 Single Double
November $111,900 76,400 139,900
October 112,000 81,700 138,200
September 118,300 78,800 141,300
August 112,000 80,000 138,000
July 118,700 76,000 137,800
June 106,800 70,200 128,100
May 106,500 69,900 128,300
April 100,200 66,700 122,500
March 98,100 63,300 123,200
February 98,300 65,400 122,500
January 95,000 64,100 118,500


Total1 Single Double
November $100,900 71,600 133,500
October 110,300 74,400 138,700
September 102,100 76,100 124,100
August 105,000 86,000 117,000
July 98,500 74,100 125,700
June 101,600 73,700 124,200
May 98,400 69,900 121,500
April 95,900 73,800 113,300
March 91,400 58,600 121,300
February 88,300 59,400 113,800
January 102,600 67,900 116,200


Total1 Single Double
November $107,300 78,100 143,800
October 101,000 81,000 132,600
September 109,300 80,900 142,300
August 100,000 77,000 132,000
July 110,500 79,100 139,300
June 94,900 65,600 125,800
May 94,300 67,500 128,200
April 85,400 61,800 125,400
March 86,400 60,800 119,100
February 87,300 62,400 118,100
January 83,000 62,100 112,700


Total1 Single Double
November $110,700 77,000 138,400
October 110,700 81,900 136,400
September 119,300 78,500 142,200
August 112,000 80,000 139,000
July 119,200 74,500 137,100
June 107,500 70,700 128,000
May 109,900 70,600 129,200
April 100,400 67,700 122,200
March 98,100 63,700 122,400
February 98,100 67,100 121,800
January 94,000 64,600 117,300


Total1 Single Double
November $128,800 68,400 145,500
October 131,600 85,000 150,400
September 132,100 76,200 141,600
August 135,000 79,000 143,000
July 131,100 81,700 142,800
June 116,400 72,200 131,500
May 104,400 70,300 125,500
April 118,400 65,000 125,000
March 113,000 67,300 130,800
February 116,900 60,900 131,900
January 113,400 62,300 129,500
    1 Includes manufactured homes with more than two sections.
    Note:  Estimates include manufactured homes that are sold and those intended for sale for residential use.
   Source:  These data are produced by the U.S. Commerce Department’s Census Bureau from a survey sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.


The Institute for Building Technology & Safety? (IBTS) gathers information on behalf of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). The official data by state is shown in the chart below.


        Institute for Building Technology & Safety (IBTS)
Shipments and Production Summary Report  03/01/2022 – 03/31/2022
State SW MW Total Floors
Dest. Pending 4 13 17 30
Alabama 237 291 528 819
Alaska 0 0 0 0
Arizona 61 181 242 427
Arkansas 95 109 204 313
California 55 307 362 687
Colorado 85 54 139 194
Connecticut 4 12 16 28
Delaware 21 36 57 93
District of Columbia 0 0 0 0
Florida 195 599 794 1,410
Georgia 148 334 482 817
Hawaii 0 0 0 0
Idaho 14 48 62 112
Illinois 77 46 123 170
Indiana 179 77 256 334
Iowa 27 17 44 61
Kansas 68 27 95 122
Kentucky 128 273 401 674
Louisiana 277 255 532 789
Maine 40 52 92 144
Maryland 12 10 22 32
Massachusetts 6 15 21 36
Michigan 126 150 276 426
Minnesota 53 52 105 157
Mississippi 221 236 457 693
Missouri 88 122 210 332
Montana 24 29 53 82
Nebraska 23 2 25 27
Nevada 12 78 90 171
New Hampshire 8 18 26 44
New Jersey 37 25 62 87
New Mexico 64 90 154 245
New York 83 102 185 287
North Carolina 264 399 663 1,063
North Dakota 11 19 30 49
Ohio 136 76 212 288
Oklahoma 112 125 237 363
Oregon 20 145 165 316
Pennsylvania 108 123 231 354
Rhode Island 0 0 0 0
South Carolina 180 364 544 912
South Dakota 12 15 27 42
Tennessee 96 270 366 636
Texas 1,037 1,084 2,121 3,215
Utah 4 32 36 68
Vermont 9 3 12 15
Virginia 64 65 129 194
Washington 5 152 157 321
West Virginia 35 85 120 205
Wisconsin 44 30 74 104
Wyoming 17 6 23 30
Canada 0 0 0 0
Puerto Rico 0 0 0 0
Total 4,626 6,653 11,279 18,018


State SW MW Total Floors
States Shown(*) 448 492 940 1,437
 Alabama 733 981 1,714 2,698
*Alaska 0 0 0 0
 Arizona 44 251 295 553
*Arkansas 0 0 0 0
 California 62 268 330 611
*Colorado 0 0 0 0
*Connecticut 0 0 0 0
*Delaware 0 0 0 0
*District of Columbia 0 0 0 0
 Florida 74 333 407 753
 Georgia 197 616 813 1,435
*Hawaii 0 0 0 0
 Idaho 24 136 160 302
*Illinois 0 0 0 0
 Indiana 648 340 988 1,329
*Iowa 0 0 0 0
*Kansas 0 0 0 0
*Kentucky 0 0 0 0
*Louisiana 0 0 0 0
*Maine 0 0 0 0
*Maryland 0 0 0 0
*Massachusetts 0 0 0 0
*Michigan 0 0 0 0
 Minnesota 47 78 125 203
*Mississippi 0 0 0 0
*Missouri 0 0 0 0
*Montana 0 0 0 0
*Nebraska 0 0 0 0
*Nevada 0 0 0 0
*New Hampshire 0 0 0 0
*New Jersey 0 0 0 0
*New Mexico 0 0 0 0
*New York 0 0 0 0
 North Carolina 126 350 476 830
*North Dakota 0 0 0 0
*Ohio 0 0 0 0
*Oklahoma 0 0 0 0
 Oregon 25 281 306 604
 Pennsylvania 248 368 616 984
*Rhode Island 0 0 0 0
*South Carolina 0 0 0 0
*South Dakota 0 0 0 0
 Tennessee 617 902 1,519 2,421
 Texas 1,333 1,257 2,590 3,858
*Utah 0 0 0 0
*Vermont 0 0 0 0
*Virginia 0 0 0 0
*Washington 0 0 0 0
*West Virginia 0 0 0 0
*Wisconsin 0 0 0 0
*Wyoming 0 0 0 0
*Canada 0 0 0 0
*Puerto Rico 0 0 0 0
Total 4,626 6,653 11,279 18,018
Ashok K Goswami, PE, COO, 45207 Research Place,  Ashburn, VA 20147
NOTICE: this graphic above and some others herein can be opened to a larger size in many browsers and devices. Typically, you click on the image and follow the prompts. You may need to use the ‘back’ or escape key to return to this page.


Depending on sources, the number of housing units of all types needed in the U.S. is estimated to be between 4 million to 8+ million units. As the NAR has said, there has been an annual shortfall for several years between population growth and the number of housing units built. There is no simple way for conventional construction to ‘catch up’ with or close that gap.

Indeed, in a 2021 report in MarketPlace, conventional site-builders admitted that they are ‘throttling’ construction and their use of developed lots.




For years, the solution to the need for more housing has been known. In 2018, the Urban Institute in research on modern manufactured housing correctly noted that manufactured homes could play a far more important part in solving the affordable housing crisis. They asked the obvious question. Why aren’t more manufactured homes being sold?




The Urban Institute researchers aptly identified zoning and placement barriers and the lack of competitive financing as being among the reasons for the industry’s underperformance for years.

HUD’s Office of Policy Development and Research (PD&R) associates Pamela Blumenthal and Regina Gray on 9.7.2021 posted on a HUD website their discussion on “the impact of regulatory barriers on housing affordability.” Very little attention, other than from MHLivingNews, our MHProNews.com sister-site, and op-eds by this author to other news publications has been paid to Blumenthal’s and Gray’s keen statements. These pull quotes and graphics speak volumes. The emphasis is added by MHLivingNews, but the text is as in the original. Each bullet is a quote from their research report summary.

  • QuoteMarkManufacturedHomeLivingNewsThe consequences of inadequate supply are higher housing costs for both renting and buying a home. More than 37 million renter and owner households spent more than 30 percent of their income for housing in 2019.
  • Without significant new supply, cost burdens are likely to increase as current home prices reach all-time highs, with the median home sales price reaching nearly $375,000 by July 2021. These data emphasize the urgency of employing opportunities for increasing the supply of housing and preserving the existing housing portfolio.
  • The regulatory environment — federal, state, and local — that contributes to the extensive mismatch between supply and need has worsened over time. Federally sponsored commissions, task forces, and councils under both Democratic and Republican administrations have examined the effects of land use regulations on affordable housing for more than 50 years. Numerous studies find land use regulations that limit the number of new units that can be built or impose significant costs on development through fees and long approval processes drive up housing costs. Research indicates higher housing costs also drive up program costs for federal assistance, reducing the funds available to serve additional households.

What Blumenthal and Gray failed to mention at all is manufactured housing. At best, that’s odd, because HUD has the primary federal jurisdiction over the HUD Code manufactured housing program.

Recently released comments by Professor James A. “Jim” Schmitz Jr, with the University of Minnesota, to the Department of Justice (DoJ) sheds a deeper light into what has been occurring, per his research studies. Said Schmitz, federal officials have teamed up with builders and HUD to undermine or “sabotage” the factory-built manufactured housing market.




Schmitz said that this has been occurring for decades. He cited the work of prior Justice Department antitrust officials who ‘tried to protect’ factory-built home production, well before the modern manufactured home era. The report linked above is a useful summary. But the entire Schmitz statement to the DoJ is found in the article linked below. As Schmitz said, ‘Monopolies Inflict Harm in Many Ways” that are “Sabotaging” manufactured homes through regulatory interference.

‘Monopolies Inflict Harm in Many Ways’ ‘Merger Guidelines are a Free Pass’ – Historic Lessons in ‘Sabotaging Monopoly’ Economics in DoJ/FTC Guidelines by Prof James A Schmitz Jr, Sr Economist

That is obviously stated in different way than Gray and Blumenthal phrased it, but they are each making similar and arguably complimentary points. Those points buttress what the Urban Institute said, referenced and linked above.

It should be noted that prior HUD Secretary Dr. Benjamin “Ben” Carson, M.D., pledged a “new era of cooperation” between HUD and the manufactured housing industry. What happened to that sweet sounding pledge? Why has the Biden Administration’s Secretary Marcia Fudge provided lip service instead of support for modern HUD Code manufactured homes, contrary to Carson’s assurances?


The Vexing Truth is Hiding in Plain Sight

On paper, MHI and MHARR often seem to say similar things when it comes to manufactured housing related issues. MHI is by far the larger of the two trade groups. MHI claims to represent “all segments” of manufactured housing, which means both production and post-production issues. Production issues are those connected to the building or producing of manufactured housing as it relates to primarily federal regulators. Post-production issues are those which deal with issues such as zoning, placement, financing, or educational/marketing types of topics.

As the quote graphic reveals, MHI’s CEO Lesli Gooch, Ph.D., has said that HUD has failed to implement its authority to overcome zoning and placement barriers. That authority, Gooch has aptly said, flows from the Manufactured Housing Improvement Act of 2000 (MHIA or 2000 Reform Law). MHARR’s Mark Weiss, J.D. has said similarly, as is also illustrated in that same quotation graphic. But MHARR has also reminded their readers and public officials that Democratic lawmakers who were part of the widely bipartisan coalition for passing the MHIA made what industry sources refer to as “enhanced preemption” part of the MHIA law. Those lawmakers stressed to prior HUD Secretary Mel Martinez that HUD has authority and should use it to overcome the kinds of problems that Blumenthal and Gray have described some 18 years later.

NOTICE: this “quotes” collage can be opened to a larger size in many browsers and devices. Typically, you click on the image and follow the prompts. You may need to use the ‘back’ or escape key to return to this page. https://www.einpresswire.com/article/564703485/mhi-manufactured-housing-institute-will-grant-request-via-prayer-mayor-pro-tem-mewborn-on-affordable-plant-a-home


But this is where the seeming similarities in the words uttered by MHI and MHARR are apparently different in practice. As an MHI insider has charged, MHI is being controlled by ‘f-cking greedy, selfish leaders of [larger] companies’ that have made ‘MHI a tool for enriching themselves.’ It is interesting to note that the insider that told that to MHProNews.com did so in the context of the post-Chris Stinebert, a prior president and CEO at MHI, at that Arlington, VA based trade organization.


The law-professor reviewed legal research thesis by Samuel Strommen at Knudson Law makes eerily similar allegations that fit the allegations that MHARR, some MHI insiders like those cited in the article linked above, Schmitz and his colleagues have asserted. While each may emphasize something different, their various evidence-based allegations are complimentary, much like pieces of a puzzle.

As lawmakers at the state level in the Midwest and Rockies have again been accused by manufactured home community residents of watering down ‘protections’ for residents who find themselves living in communities that are operated by “predatory” companies, the importance of Strommen’s and Schmitz’s respective arguments come into focus. Namely, in order to get more affordable housing and to protect the interests of manufactured home residents in communities, antitrust efforts will be needed.


Strommen “Felony” “Conspiracy” Case-“Monopolization” of Affordable Manufactured Housing and Manufactured Home Communities “Rube Goldberg Machine of Human Suffering” by Manufactured Housing Institute Firms – Knudson Law

“Machine of Human Suffering”-Berkshire Hathaway’s Clayton Homes, Manufactured Housing Institute Attorneys Response to Allegations “Felony” Abuses – Knudson Law Legal Report by Sam Strommen


Putting the Puzzling Pieces of the Struggle for Affordable Housing and Manufactured Homes Together

The battle over monopolization, or antitrust and merger- and acquisition-related issues impacts affordable housing. Schmitz and his research colleagues have provided several important elements of that puzzle. They have identified the point that some public officials at HUD are clearly responsible, but then so too are those at DOJ and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) who are supposed to be the antitrust watchdogs for our nation.

Schmitz and others who are involved in what might be called the antitrust or antimonopoly-power movement have pointed to previous eras of American history when the threat from “goliaths” were better known.

Two sources have told MHProNews that during the Trump Administration, top antitrust officials met to discuss problems in the manufactured housing industry. But with the change of power at the White House from Trump to Biden and a reshuffling of officials, there is no known indication at this time that similar emphasis will occur. Objectively, the Biden White House website also remarks about the problems that are roiling several sectors of the U.S. economy, not just housing or manufactured homes. But the question ought to be is this. Are Biden-era officials – perhaps akin to MHI’s purported behavior – merely talking a good talk without doing what needs to be done legally?

There is no known evidence that MHI has sought to legally press federal officials to enforce existing laws on antitrust, on the MHIA, or other laws that aimed to produce lower cost and better terms for manufactured home lending. When MHARR offered to team up with MHI state level affiliates in 2019 to legally seek enforcement of enhanced preemption, MHARR said none of the state affiliates accepted the offer.

Congress pressed such issues in 2011 and 2012, specifically looking into topics like enhanced preemption under the MHIA. MHLivingNews, MHProNews, and this writer have editorially noted that pressing these issues at the state attorney general level and through federal lawmakers in their oversight capacity might yield a probe into the ‘sabotaging monopolization’ of manufactured housing that is harming an array of housing seekers, not only those who want a modern manufactured home. Among the relevant points is the analysis of research by LendingTree on MHLivingNews revealed that manufactured homes are appreciating at a similar, and sometimes greater rate, in the last 5 years as conventional housing has.

Unpacking “Manufactured Homes as an Investment” LendingTree “Mobile Home Values Are Rising Faster Than Single-Family Home Values”—When do Mobile and Manufactured Homes Appreciate or Depreciate?


To get our free x2 weekly industry-leading emailed news headlines in seconds, click here or above.  http://eepurl.com/bl-9t5


We recommend that news tips NOT use company, nonprofit or organizational emails or cell phones. To report a news tip, click the image above or send an email to iReportMHNewsTips@mhmsm.com – To help us spot your message in our volume of email, please put the words NEWS TIP or COMMENTS in the subject line.

Case Against Clayton Homes – Years of Legal & Regulatory Claims

Which Is It? Is it a Mobile Home or a Manufactured Home? Visual Guidance Planned by AP Stylebook for Reporters/Journalists Useful to General Public, Public Officials, and Researchers


That’s a wrap on this installment of “News through the lens of manufactured homes and factory-built housing” © where “We Provide, You Decide.” © ## (Affordable housing, manufactured homes, reports, fact-checks, analysis, and commentary. Third-party images or content are provided under fair use guidelines for media.) (See Related Reports, further below. Text/image boxes often are hot-linked to other reports that can be access by clicking on them.)

All on Capitol Hill were welcoming and interested in the discussion of manufactured housing-related issues in our 12.3.2019 meetings. But Texas Congressman Al Green’s office was tremendous in their hospitality. Our son’s hand is on a package that included a copy of the Constitution of the United States and other goodies. MHProNews has worked with people and politicos across the left-right divide.

By L.A. “Tony” Kovach – for MHLivingNews.com.

Tony earned a journalism scholarship and earned numerous awards in history and in manufactured housing. For example, he earned the prestigious Lottinville Award in history from the University of Oklahoma, where he studied history and business management. He’s a managing member and co-founder of LifeStyle Factory Homes, LLC, the parent company to MHProNews, and MHLivingNews.com. This article reflects the LLC’s and/or the writer’s position, and may or may not reflect the views of sponsors or supporters.


Connect on LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/latonykovach

Recent and Related Reports:

The text/image boxes below are linked to other reports, which can be accessed by clicking on them.





‘Exploitation Drives Up Prices’ – Politicos Joe Biden, Kim Reynolds – Mobile Home, Manufactured Home Community Residents Seek Protection v Predatory Businesses Say Pending, Existing Laws Don’t Work

‘How the Many Can Defeat Corporate Money’ What Manufactured Home Community Resident Groups Can, Should Consider Doing to Pushback Against Predatory Manufactured Home Community Operators


Check Also


CLASS ACTION Case No. 23-cv-6715 v Datacomp-Equity LifeStyle Properties-Hometown America-Lakeshore Communities-Sun Communities-RHP Properties-YES! Communities-Inspire Communities-Kingsley Mgt-Cal-Am Properties

For several years, Mobile and Manufactured Home Living News (MHLivingNews) and our MHProNews sister site …